Managing the Reference Index¶
Wagtail maintains a reference index, which records references between objects whenever those objects are saved. The index allows Wagtail to efficiently report the usage of images, documents and snippets within pages, including within StreamField and rich text fields.
By default, the index will store references between objects managed within the Wagtail admin, specifically:
all Page types
models registered as Snippets
models registered with ModelAdmin
Changed in version 5.0: When introduced in Wagtail 4.1, the Reference Index recorded references in all application models by default. Wagtail 5.0 reduced the scope of the default models to those specifically linked with Wagtail.
The reference index does not require any further configuration. However there are circumstances where it may be necessary to add or remove models from the index.
Registering a Model for Indexing¶
A model can be registered for reference indexing by adding code to
apps.py in the app where the model is defined:
from django.apps import AppConfig class SprocketAppConfig(AppConfig): ... def ready(self): from wagtail.models.reference_index import ReferenceIndex from .models import SprocketController ReferenceIndex.register_model(SprocketController)
Preventing Indexing of models and fields¶
wagtail_reference_index_ignore attribute can be used to prevent indexing with a particular model or model field.
Truewithin any model class where you want to prevent indexing of all fields in the model; or
Truewithin any model field, to prevent that field or the related model field from being indexed:
class CentralPage(Page): ... reference = models.ForeignKey( "doc", on_delete=models.SET_NULL, related_name="page_ref", ) reference.wagtail_reference_index_ignore = True ...
The index can be rebuilt with the
rebuild_references_index management command. This will repopulate the references table and ensure that reference counts are displayed accurately. This should be done if models are manipulated outside of Wagtail, or after an upgrade.
A summary of the index can be shown with the
show_references_index management command. This shows the number of objects indexed against each model type, and can be useful to identify which models are being indexed without rebuilding the index itself.