Customize your home page

Heads’up! Make sure you have completed Your first Wagtail site before going through this extended tutorial.

When building your portfolio website, the first step is to set up and personalize your homepage. The homepage is your chance to make an excellent first impression and convey the core message of your portfolio. So your homepage should include the following features:

  1. Introduction: A concise introduction captures visitors’ attention.

  2. Biography: Include a brief biography that introduces yourself. This section should mention your name, role, expertise, and unique qualities.

  3. Hero Image: This may be a professional headshot or other image that showcases your work and adds visual appeal.

  4. Call to Action (CTA): Incorporate a CTA that guides visitors to take a specific action, such as “View Portfolio,” “Hire Me,” or “Learn More”.

  5. Resume: This is a document that provides a summary of your education, work experience, achievements, and qualifications.

In this section, you’ll learn how to add features 1 through 4 to your homepage. You’ll add your resume or CV later in the tutorial.

Now, modify your home/ file to include the following:

from django.db import models

from wagtail.models import Page
from wagtail.fields import RichTextField

# import MultiFieldPanel:
from wagtail.admin.panels import FieldPanel, MultiFieldPanel

class HomePage(Page):
    # add the Hero section of HomePage:
    image = models.ForeignKey(
        help_text="Homepage image",
    hero_text = models.CharField(
        max_length=255, help_text="Write an introduction for the site"
    hero_cta = models.CharField(
        verbose_name="Hero CTA",
        help_text="Text to display on Call to Action",
    hero_cta_link = models.ForeignKey(
        verbose_name="Hero CTA link",
        help_text="Choose a page to link to for the Call to Action",

    body = RichTextField(blank=True)

    # modify your content_panels:
    content_panels = Page.content_panels + [
            heading="Hero section",

You might already be familiar with the different parts of your HomePage model. The image field is a ForeignKey referencing Wagtail’s built-in Image model for storing images. Similarly, hero_cta_link is a ForeignKey to wagtailcore.Page. The wagtailcore.Page is the base class for all other page types in Wagtail. This means all Wagtail pages inherit from wagtailcore.Page. For instance, your class HomePage(page) inherits from wagtailcore.Page.

Using on_delete=models.SET_NULL ensures that if you remove an image or hero link from your admin interface, the image or hero_cta_link fields on your Homepage will be set to null, but the rest of the data will be preserved. Read the Django documentation on the on_delete attribute for more details.

By default, Django creates a reverse relation between the models when you have a ForeignKey field within your model. Django also generates a name for this reverse relation using the model name and the _set suffix. You can use the default name of the reverse relation to access the model with the ForeignKey field from the referenced model.

You can override this default naming behavior and provide a custom name for the reverse relationship by using the related_name attribute. For example, if you want to access your HomePage from wagtailimages.Image, you can use the value you provided for your related_name attribute.

However, when you use related_name="+", you create a connection between models without creating a reverse relation. In other words, you’re instructing Django to create a way to access wagtailimages.Image from your Homepage but not a way to access HomePage from wagtailimages.Image.

While body is a RichTextField, hero_text and hero_cta are CharField, a Django string field for storing short text.

The Your First Wagtail Tutorial already explained content_panels. FieldPanel and MultiPanel are types of Wagtail built-in Panels. They’re both subclasses of the base Panel class and accept all of Wagtail’s Panel parameters in addition to their own. While the FieldPanel provides a widget for basic Django model fields, MultiFieldPanel helps you decide the structure of the editing form. For example, you can group related fields.

Now that you understand the different parts of your HomePage model, migrate your database by running python makemigrations and then python migrate

After migrating your database, start your server by running python runserver.

Add content to your homepage

To add content to your homepage through the admin interface, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to your admin interface, with your admin username and password.

  2. Click Pages.

  3. Click the pencil icon beside Home.

  4. Choose an image, choose a page, and add data to the input fields.


You can choose your home page or blog index page to link to your Call to Action. You can choose a more suitable page later in the tutorial.

  1. Publish your Home page.

You have all the necessary data for your Home page now. You can visit your Home page by going to in your browser. You can’t see all your data, right? That’s because you must modify your Homepage template to display the data.

Replace the content of your home/templates/home/home_page.html file with the following:

{% extends "base.html" %}
{% load wagtailcore_tags wagtailimages_tags %}

{% block body_class %}template-homepage{% endblock %}

{% block content %}
        <h1>{{ page.title }}</h1>
        {% image page.image fill-480x320 %}
        <p>{{ page.hero_text }}</p>
        {% if page.hero_cta_link %}
            <a href="{% pageurl page.hero_cta_link %}">
                {% firstof page.hero_cta page.hero_cta_link.title %}
        {% endif %}

  {{ page.body|richtext }}
{% endblock content %}

In your Homepage template, notice the use of firstof in line 13. It’s helpful to use this tag when you have created a series of fallback options, and you want to display the first one that has a value. So, in your template, the firstof template tag displays page.hero_cta if it has a value. If page.hero_cta doesn’t have a value, then it displays page.hero_cta_link.title.

Congratulations! You’ve completed the first stage of your Portfolio website 🎉🎉🎉.